Comparison of Visual Evoked Potential Latency and Amplitude Values According to Visual Acuity among Normal Adult Eyes in dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital

Authors

  • Rommel Aleddin Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia
  • Syntia Nusanti Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital Jakarta
  • Muhammad Shidik Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia
  • Aria Kekalih Department Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23886/ejki.12.492.55-61

Keywords:

pattern reversal visual evoked potential, visual evoked potential, electrophysiology, reference value, visual acuity

Abstract

Visual Evoked Potential (VEP) is a diagnostic procedure to evaluate pathological conditions affecting the visual pathway with several protocols, including pattern onset/offset VEP, flash VEP, and pattern-reversal VEP (PRVEP), standardized by International Society For Clinical Electrophysiology In Vision (ISCEV). PRVEP, the most common protocol used in clinical practice, is not always directly proportional to visual acuity (VA). Clarity of the refractory media and gender are presumed to affect it; thus, using PRVEP reference value based on refractory status is not casually applicable when the VA does not resemble refractory status. This study aims to determine the changes in VEP latency and amplitude value according to various subjective VA, and to examine and analyze these latency and amplitude values within male and female subject groups. The research was conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from August to October 2017. Latency and amplitude values were measured with PRVEP. Measurement was performed on normal VA and defocus-induced VA to 6/18, 6/30, and 6/60 values, using small and large-sized checkerboard stimuli. Prolonged latency and decreased amplitude were found in male and female subject groups, corresponding with decreasing VA levels. Using 18 min arc and 48 min arc-sized checkerboards gave the closest result to the reference value. The difference in VEP value according to subjects' gender was found in amplitude but not in latency.

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Published

2024-05-14

How to Cite

Aleddin, R., Nusanti, S., Shidik, M., & Kekalih, A. . (2024). Comparison of Visual Evoked Potential Latency and Amplitude Values According to Visual Acuity among Normal Adult Eyes in dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. EJournal Kedokteran Indonesia, 12(1), 55–61. https://doi.org/10.23886/ejki.12.492.55-61